This blog originally founded by Blogger who holds a theological degree and a doctorate in Counseling Psychology. Taught Psychology for 32 years and is now Professor Emeritus. Is a board-certified psychologist and was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award in his profession. Ministered as a chaplain, and pastored Baptist and Episcopal churches. Publications cover the integration of psychology and theology. Served in the Army, the Merchant Marines and the Peace Corps.
Friday, May 5, 2017
The Bible and Husbands Dominating Wives
One of the most destructive mistranslations of Scripture has been Ephesians 5:23 : “For the husband is the head of the wife. . . “An an article in Charisma Magazine this week raises the question: “Have we been misinterpreting the word “head” in Paul’s writing?”
A group of Biblical scholars examined and compared how the Jewish translators of the Greek Septuagint had translated rosh, the Hebrew word for "head," into Greek. Their findings completely upends the traditional view. They discovered that when rosh was used literally to refer to someone's physical head, they used the Greek kephale. When rosh was used figuratively to refer to the source or origin of something, they would again use kephale. However, they discovered that when rosh was used figuratively to refer to a person of authority, the Septuagint translators avoided kephale and used archon (ruler) or a similar word.
In other words, if Paul had wanted to establish an authoritarian structure for marriage, he could easily have done so by using words such as archon (ruler), despot (master) or timē (one of rank and honor). Any of these would have unambiguously communicated the idea of superior rank and authority. Instead, he used for “head”, the word designated as the source or origin of something like in the “head” waters of a river.
So, literally Adam is the “source” of Eve, not the ruler. This is made clear in the story of creation. Adam and the animals were made from the ground, but “the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man.” Gen.2
Men have used Ephesians 5:23 to justify dominating their wives for two centuries now. Fortunately, what was more in line with nearly all of Paul’ teaching was “ There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus” Gal 3:28. It took a long time, but that teaching of Paul finally won the day in our modern era.
Posted by Blogger at 12:01 AM